Monkeypox Cases In India: Symptoms, Treatment, Vaccine, Prevention .

Just three days ago, the WHO held an emergency meeting to decide whether Monkeypox is a global health threat. Last month, the UN agency refused to declare a global emergency. of course, with a confirmed case in India, people are now panicking. In early June, a girl from Ghaziabad was suspected of having the viral infection but tested negative. Let’s understand what the virus is, its signs and symptoms, and its treatment.

Table of Contents

What Is Monkeypox ?

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus. It causes rashes and flu-like symptoms. As the best-known virus that causes smallpox, it belongs to the orthopoxvirus family.

Monkeypox was discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease occurred in groups of monkeys used for research. It is primarily spread by human contact with infected rodents, but can sometimes be spread by skin contact with an infected person. There are two known types (clades) of monkeypox virus: one native to Central Africa and the other native to West Africa. The current global epidemic (2022) is caused by the less severe cluster in West Africa.

Symptoms of Monkeypox

Symptoms Includes :

  • Fever
  • Muscle ache & Back Ache
  • Headache
  • Chill And Exhaustion
  • A rash that may look like pimples or blisters and appears on the face, mouth, and other parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus. The rash goes through different stages before it heals completely. The illness usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks.
Monkeypox Images - Healthy Algorithm

Monkeypox cases in India

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The country’s first case of monkeypox was confirmed in Kerala on Thursday. A 35-year-old man who arrived from the United Arab Emirates a few days ago has been admitted to the Thiruvananthapuram Medical College.
While in the United Arab Emirates, the patient was in close contact with someone who tested positive for the disease. Health Secretary Veena George said the patient was in close contact with his parents, a taxi driver and a rickshaw driver.

Furthermore, 11 of his fellow passengers on the flight to Kerala and the cabin crew are said to be his close contacts. The individual arrived at Thiruvananthapuram airport from the United Arab Emirates and hailed a taxi to his home in the nearby Kollam district a few days ago.

Because he was in close contact with someone who tested positive for the disease in the United Arab Emirates, he sought medical help when he began experiencing symptoms.

He first went to a private hospital in Kollam by renting an auto rickshaw and from there he was taken to the medical college for further treatment. Their samples were sent to the National Institute of Virology in Pune, which confirmed the illness on Thursday night. “There is no need to panic.

According to the patient, apart from his relatives and the two drivers, he had no close contact with anyone. The state Health Secretariat has already intensified its actions against the disease,” added the minister, adding that the patient was being treated for symptoms according to the protocol established for treatment.

How Monkeypox Transmitted?

Monkeypox spreads in different ways. The virus can be spread from person to person by:

  • Direct contact with infectious rashes, scabs, or body fluids
  • Respiratory secretions from prolonged face-to-face contact or intimate physical contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sex
  • Touching objects (such as clothing or bedding) that have already come into contact with the infectious rash or body fluids
  • Pregnant women can transmit the virus to the fetus through the placenta.
  • It is also possible for people to get monkeypox from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal, or by preparing or eating meat or products from an infected animal.
  • Monkeypox can spread from the time symptoms begin until the rash has completely healed and a new layer of skin has formed. The illness usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks. People who do not have symptoms of monkeypox cannot spread the virus to other people. It is currently unknown whether monkeypox can be transmitted through semen or vaginal secretions.

Treatment of Monkeypox

Monkeypox is usually mild, and most people recover within weeks without treatment. However, as the infection can be spread through close contact, it is important to isolate it if it is diagnosed. You may be asked to self-isolate at home if your symptoms are mild.

If your symptoms are severe or you are at increased risk of serious illness (for example, if your immune system is weakened), you may need to stay in a specialized hospital until you recover. You may be offered a vaccine to reduce the risk of serious illness.

Vaccine For Monkeypox

An antiviral drug developed to treat smallpox (Tecovirimat, marketed as TPOXX) has been approved for the treatment of monkeypox.

Other smallpox vaccines may offer limited protection because the two diseases come from the same family. People vaccinated against smallpox have some protection against monkeypox.

People under the age of 40 to 50 are unlikely to have been vaccinated against smallpox since vaccination ended in 1980, the WHO said.

Prevention of Monkeypox

Follow these steps to prevent Monkeypox:

  • Avoid close contact with the skin of people who have a rash that looks like Symptoms.
  • Do not touch the rash or scabs of someone with Symptoms.
  • Don’t kiss, hug, cuddle, or have sex with someone who has Symptoms.
  • Do not share cutlery or drinking glasses with someone who has Symptoms.
  • Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with Symptoms.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • In West and Central Africa, avoid contact with animals that can spread the monkeypox virus, usually rodents and primates. Also avoid sick or dead animals, as well as bedding or any other material that they have touched.

Frequently Ask Questions

Question – What is Monkeypox ?

Answer- Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus. It causes rashes and flu-like symptoms. As the best-known virus that causes smallpox, it belongs to the orthopoxvirus family.

Question- Prevention of Monkeypox ?

Answer- Avoid close contact with the skin of people who have a rash that looks like Symptoms. Do not touch the rash or scabs of someone with Symptoms. Don’t kiss, hug, cuddle, or have sex with someone who has Symptoms. Do not share cutlery or drinking glasses with someone who has Symptoms. Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with Symptoms. Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Question How Monkeypox Transmitted?

Answer-Direct contact with infectious rashes, scabs, or body fluids Respiratory secretions from prolonged face-to-face contact or intimate physical contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sex Touching objects (such as clothing or bedding) that have already come into contact with the infectious rash or body fluids Pregnant women can transmit the virus to the fetus through the placenta.
It is also possible for people to get monkeypox from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal, or by preparing or eating meat or products from an infected animal.

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